PART 1: RECOVERING FROM UNUSUAL ATTITUDE

When an aircraft gets into a bank of  over 45 degrees, an unusual attitude can be experienced and causes a nose-high attitude with decreasing airspeed, or a nose-low attitude with increasing airspeed.  Unusual attitudes occur during both IMC (Instrument Meteorological Conditions) and VMC (Visual Meteorological Conditions), but are much harder to correct during IMC. 

Practicing flying at unusual attitudes can improve your reaction time when making movements that will overstress the aircraft.

The following procedures can help you tackle unusual attitudes. If the nose is low and your airspeed is rapidly increasing, you should reduce the power, level the wings, apply speed brakes (if your aircraft has them) and smoothly raise the nose. Donít try to level the nose before leveling the wings. Otherwise, you could quickly overstress the aircraft. After you get the aircraft under control, recover to cruise flight by adding power retracting the speed brakes and climbing back to your original altitude. If you are trying this partial panel, use the TC to level the wings.

Lets say youíve put the aircraft in a steep left descending turn. First reduce the power. Next level the wings, or simply maintain yoke forward and straight, without turning left or right. Once the wings are level, raise the nose to level flight and transition back to flight level.

Conversely, lets say the aircraft is nose-high and the airspeed is rapidly decreasing. You should add full power, Pitch forward first then level the wings and recover back to straight and level flight.


Test Yourself

 

Q&A for Bad Attitude

 

  1. An aircraft gets into a bank of over 45 degrees; an unusual attitude can be experienced and will cause a nose-high attitude with increasing airspeed.

                  A True

                  B False

     

  1. Unusual attitudes are caused by:

A)     Not paying attention to flight Instruments.

B)    A nose-low attitude with increasing airspeed.

C)    A nose-high attitude with increasing airspeed.

D)    A&B above.

   

  1. What can a pilot do to improve reaction time when making movements that will overstress the aircraft?

A)    Fly IMC.

B)    Fly VMC

C)    Practice flying at unusual attitudes.

 

  1. If the nose is low and your airspeed is rapidly increasing, you should:

A)    Reduce the power and raise the nose.

B)    Level the wings and apply the speed brakes.

C)    Reduce power, level the wings, apply the speed brakes (if your airliner has them), and smoothly raise the nose.

    

  1. Always level the nose before leveling the wings:

A)    True

B)    False

 

 

  1. When following procedures to recover to cruise flight in partial panel, what should you use?

A)    HIS

B)    TLC

C)    TC

 

 

  1. Youíve put the aircraft in a steep left descending turn, you first use keyboard 5 to center the wings:

A)    True

B)    False

 

  1. After pressing F1, you should:

A)    Cut the throttle on your yoke.

B)    Maintain yoke forward and straight.

C)    Turn left or right.

 

  1. Before the wings are leveled, use your keyboard, joystick or yoke to raise the nose.

A)    True

B)    False

 

  1. When should you roll (bank) the aircraft 30 degrees to avoid a stall?

A)    To avoid passengers from being thrown to the roof of the airliner.

B)    After you decrease power F4.

C)    When the aircraft is nose-high with decreasing airspeed.

D)    A&C above  

 

 

 

 Answers:

1-B  2-D  3-C  4-C  5-B  6-C  7-B  8-B  9-B  10-D